THE ICONOGRAPHY OF SHEEP IN THE VISUAL CULTURE OF THE PAGAN PARADISE: AN EXAMPLE OF LATE ANTIQUITY IN ANTIOCH

J T Garcia

Abstract


The presence of certain animals in the iconographic programs of
Late Antiquity is closely linked to different conditions. In our
particular case, we propose to analyze a mosaic of the Allard Pierson
Museum in Amsterdam: a fat-tailed sheep (c. AD 475) from an early
Christian Church near Antioch. Greek culture was strongly rooted in
Antioch, and Roman visual culture had a strong influence on the
artistic currents that reached the oriental city. These geographical
and cultural factors, in addition to the iconographic program of
Paradise, form a context of analysis that will allow us to identify
how the presence of the sheep has evolved in the visual culture of
Antiquity.

Keywords


sheep; Paradise; Antioch; Late Antiquity; mosaic

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.7445/63-0-996

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ISSN 2079-2883 (online); ISSN 0303-1896 (print)

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